CBT is based on the concept that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle. CBT aims to help you deal with overwhelming problems in a more positive way by breaking them down into smaller parts. You’re shown how to change these negative patterns to improve the way you feel. Unlike some other talking treatments, CBT deals with your current problems, rather than focusing on issues from your past. It looks for practical ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis
Later developments in CBT focus more on the relationship to thought and emotion than on the content of the thoughts. These strands of CBT emphasise mindfulness, emotions, acceptance, values, goals, and meta‐cognition.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) particularly recommends CBT for depression and anxiety. There are also formal adaptations of CBT to treat mental health problems, such as phobias, PTSD and OCD.
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is an action-oriented approach to psychotherapy that stems from traditional behaviour therapy and CBT. Clients learn to stop avoiding, denying, and struggling with their inner emotions and, instead, accept that these deeper feelings are appropriate responses to certain situations that should not prevent them from moving forward in their lives. With this understanding. clients begin to accept their issues and hardships and commit to making necessary changes in their behaviour, regardless of what is going on in their lives, and how they feel about it.
Mindfulness is an approach that helps people to manage their thoughts and feelings and mental health. When we learn and practice mindfulness, our thoughts tune into what we're sensing in the present moment rather than rehashing the past or imagining the future. It is a skill that takes time to learn and practice but can lead to:
· Greater self-awareness
· feeling calmer and less stressed
· Having more choice how to respond to difficult thoughts and feelings
· Increased self-compassion
It is becoming widely used in a range of contexts. It is recommended by NICE as a preventative practice for people with experience of recurrent depression.